- I’ve been toiling away at this essay all weekend.
- He went past the dustbins and began toiling up the stairs.
- In other words, three generations might take a family from hard toil through private education to gilt-edged respectability.
When we wake it is to find ourselves alone and separate, trapped in the toils of matter.
With one bound, he was … John Major has escaped the toils of the poll tax.
Yet lured they were, ever deeper into the toils of matter, and women with them too.
A person whose low spirits or lack of enthusiasm have a depressing effect on others. a dull or depressing person who spoils other people’s enjoyment.
Jack’s fun at parties, but his brother’s a wet blanket.
I was with Anne and she was being a real wet blanket.
Sometimes, sometime, and some time are very different words so you need to be careful when you use them. These are words that even native speakers get confused with!
1. Sometimes is an adverb of frequency. Think of it as halfway between never and always.
Sometimes I am so tired I can’t get out of bed!
He sometimes plays tennis instead of going to the gym.
We like to go to the beach on vacation sometimes.
2. Sometime (no ‘s’) is also an adverb, but it is used to talk about an unspecified point in the future or an unspecified point in the past.
We should get together for coffee sometime!
Sometime soon I would like you to clean your room!
The accident occurred sometime before 6pm.
3. When you use some time, it’s like saying ‘some food’ or ‘some people’ – some is used to talk about how much of the noun time you have or want.
Do you have some time to check my essay?
She has some time to spend in her garden now that she has quit her job.
Take some time to think about the offer before you accept or decline it.
He was able to buy some time by saying his wife was out of town & he can’t make a decision without her.
(idiom: to buy time = to get more time; he wanted more time to make a decision so he said he couldn’t make a decision without his wife.)
Both of these terms are expressions of time, but one is written with a space while the other is one word. What are the differences in meaning between the two? And what are the appropriate uses of each?
These two terms represent different parts of speech. The two-word expression a while is a noun phrase, consisting of the article a and the noun while, defined as “a period or interval of time.”
The one-word awhile is an adverb that means “for a short time or period.”
Although these definitions are similar, and although the terms can sometimes be used interchangeably, there are a few simple rules that prove helpful in keeping them straight.
The noun phrase a while can and often does follow a preposition, such as for or in: “He said he would be home in a while.”
The adverb awhile cannot follow a preposition, a rule that makes sense if you revisit the definition of the term and drop it into a sentence such as the one above: “He said he would be home in for a short time or period.” However, if we omit the preposition and rewrite it as “He said he would be home awhile,” the sentence works with a slightly altered meaning.
Over at my obscure words website, The Phrontistery, there’s been a word that has been the subject of many astonished inquiries over the years: eellogofusciouhipoppokunurious, which means simply ‘good’. At 30 letters, it’s the longest word on a site that’s full of them. More to the point, because my site is one of the most prominent places you can find the word, and because it doesn’t appear in any standard dictionaries (including the mammoth Oxford English Dictionary), over the years, I have had many people write to ask whether it is in fact a real word at all.
So to try to answer this question, first let me tell you about how eellogofusciouhipoppokunurious came to be in my list. Back at the dawn of the Internet (well, OK, more like 1996), I had no idea that my word list would still be around (and over twice…
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Brandish: To wave something in the air in a threatening or excited way.
Example: The driver of the car had got out and approached them brandishing a gun.
Modals are different from normal verbs:
1: They don’t use an ‘s’ for the third person singular.
2: They make questions by inversion (‘she can go’ becomes ‘can she go?’).
3: They are followed directly by the infinitive of another verb (without ‘to’).
First, they can be used when we want to say how sure we are that something happened / is happening / will happen. We often call these ‘modals of deduction’ or ‘speculation’ or ‘certainty’ or ‘probability’.